Pastoralist land use Planning programme (PLUPP)
The pastoral Maasai traditionally enjoyed access to the entire area of their indigenous lands (i.e. the present districts of Kiteto, Simanjiro, Monduli, Longido and Ngorongoro). However, in recent years, they have lost land to other land-uses such as National Parks, agriculture, mining, and infrastructure. The population growth in the pastoral areas has led to land-use conflicts and environment degradation. This trend drastically reduces the land available for pastoralism and pastoralists continue to be dispossessed of large areas of their indigenous lands and the possibilities of relying solely on pastoral livelihoods strategies have been increasingly reduced.
The primary goal of the programme is legally to empower communities and enable them to govern their key natural resources, which will lead to optimal resource use and sustainable development. Ultimately, the programme will promote sustainable resource management, community empowerment and improved productivity in the livestock and agricultural sectors contributing to overall livelihoods security.
The programme further, sought to facilitate a process in which pastoral communities enhanced security of land tenure and addressed conflicts related to land while halting further forms of land alienation. In the process the programme also prepared the ground for developing sustainable resource utilization and management plans that support pastoralism as an economically viable system and livelihoods of choice for the pastoralist Maasai whose heritage is deeply rooted in pastoralism.
- To reduce conflicts related to incompatible resource utilization, especially between agriculture and pastoralism, and pastoralism and wildlife conservation.
- To empower village communities, enhance their participation in natural resource management and to enhance the security of resources that are vital to pastoralist livelihoods
- To improve the resource base of pastoral communities so as to enhance livestock productivity while promoting sustainable development and management of resources.
- To promote gender equity in access to and ownership of resources
- To develop Early Warning System that alerts target communities regarding impending droughts and solicit their preparedness
- Assessment and inventory of natural resources
- Resource mapping and drawing of sketch maps
- Establishing and/or updating data bases and village profiles
- Enhancing range management techniques
- Formation of village land use planning committees
- Collection, analysis and storage of data necessary for land use planning
- Developing land use plans for each village
- Trainings on The national land legislation
- Establishing and furnishing of village registries
- Zoning of Village land, Formulation of by-Laws
- Facilitation of conflicts resolution institution at the community level e.g. land tribunals.
- Research on the underlying causes of land use conflicts
- Training of conflict resolution teams on conflict management techniques in each village (village land tribunals and ward tribunals)
- Developing best practice manual for training communities on conflict issues
- Training on early warning system
- Training women in target villages on land legislation
- Establishing guidelines for ensuring gender equity in resource access and ownership
- Involving women in natural resource assessment and management
- Fight against corruption.
- Detailed land use and natural resource management plans, guiding natural resource use
- Village profiles and village data base created/developed
- Existence of land use plans that support the viability of pastoralism as an economic system;
- Reduction in abuses of human rights for pastoralists (land related)
- Enhanced environmental conservation
- Reduced land use conflicts especially between livestock and crop farming;
- Informed and influenced processes of formulating bye laws to regulate access to land use zones and sanction all the abuses;
- Enhanced capacity of CORDS team in responding to communities needs on tenure security and sustainable resource utilization and management plans;
- Enhanced socio-economic stability in the pastoral societies/communities
- Improved gender balance and gender equity in access, control and ownership of productive resources
- Enhanced emergency preparedness strategy