Although livestock keeping is the major occupation in the above mentioned areas, its related services have for long not receivedthe gravity it deserves. This has resulted into a diminished animal population to the extent that some families have been subjected to a state of destitution and permanent hunger-pangs. The situation has been exacerbated by the cutting off of the veterinary and extension services by the then Ministry (currently the ministry of livestock and Fisheries development) of Livestock and Water Development and allocation of inadequate resources to the livestock sector
Flare up of livestock enzootic diseases led to substantial livestock loses and mortalities due to lack of control and treatment consequently causing a high depletion of the livestock population exacerbating increasing poverty among the pastoral communities
Land alienation has led to reduction on stock carrying capacity/biomass off-take (for livestock) for range lands due to other uses like large scale crop farming, creation and enlargement of Game reserves and hunting blocks, mining and military training areas.
Unreliable water supply, breakdown and non functional infrastructures and facilities like bore holes, pumps, dams, drying up of natural sources due to climate change has forced pastoralists to resort to transhumance
CORDS experience has shown that to improve livestock, to achieve the required standards focus must be directed to curbing up flaring livestock diseases; provision of security of land tenure; improvement of essential veterinary services, livestock markets and products outlets, stocks route; improvement of livestock genetic potential and quality through crossbreeding using high potential breeds.
Objective of the Programme
Among other things the aims of livestock Development Programme (LDP) are:-
- To reduce poverty among the poor pastoral communities in Kiteto, Simanjiro, Monduli and Longido
- To improve the quantity and quality of livestock and products
- To provide technical advice to livestock keepers in the target areas.
- To enhance animal health services
- To contribute towards poverty reduction among the marginalized pastoral households in the targeted areas.
- To improve sustainable household food security
- To promote market outlets for livestock and agriculture products
- To create awareness among the pastoral communities on the effects of climate change and coping mechanisms
In order to succeed in the programme implementation, the programme planned the following activities to be carried out:
- Mobilization of the community
- Rehabilitation of livestock infrastructures (dips, crushes veterinary centers, markets)
- Training and equipping extension staff and para-vet
- Establishment of improved bull centers
- Restocking of pastoral destitute families/households
- Training pastoralists on production and use of traditional livestock drugs.
- Preparation of land use plans and zoning
- Training farmers on soil erosion, water harvesting and animal traction techniques
- Improve local breeds by cross-breeding
- Conduct market survey for livestock and agricultural products
- To train pastoralist on market mechanism and information
- Creating awareness on climate change and coping mechanism among the pastoral communities
Expected Output/ Result
The programme is expected to field the following results:-
- Improved households food security
- Reduce poverty
- Increases on improved livestock production and added value for livestock products
- Improved water supply and range resources for livestock
- Improved livestock health services
- Improved use of locally available inputs
- Improved market for livestock products
- Enhance security of pastoral livelihood and increased standard of living
- Pastoral communities informed of climate change and coping mechanism